Adult want sex Husser

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Regardless of their sexual behavior status, many young people struggle with questions about their development as sexual beings.

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These questions are more complicated than simply choosing with whom, where, and when to have sex; rather they engage in a process of making meaning related to their own sexuality. This paper is based on a qualitative study that examined sexual socialization from an ecological approach Bronfenbrenner, The purpose of the study was to examine the influence of social context during adolescence on sexual identity Adult want sex Husser and sexual decision making using a sample of emerging adults Arnett, Emerging adulthood includes ages and is a unique time in which individuals are maturing and are able to reflect on their adolescence Arnett, As such, in this study, emerging adults were asked to reflect on sexual socialization and sexual decision making during their adolescence and relate it to their current sexual decision making.

This paper reviews literature relevant to sexual socialization during adolescence followed by a brief description of the methods used in the study. The purpose of this paper is to present the sexual trajectory map, a model of sexual socialization and decision making that emerged from the data. Shtarkshall, Santelli, and Hirsch distinguished between sex education and sexual socialization, indicating that whereas education is more structured and intentional, socialization is ongoing and informal.

Sexual socialization may occur both in and outside the home, including influences of community, media, culture, and religion: It is within this broader context that identity and subsequent sexual behavior evolves.

Although there are risks to early sexual involvement, sexuality should be framed as a positive aspect of life that does not always result in negative consequences. The goal is to help all young people make good decisions that are right for them, to develop a healthy sexual identity, and to become sexually-healthy adults encompassing all dimensions of health including physical, emotional, mental, and social well-being World Health Organization, Overall, condom and birth control use, absence of substance use, and having sex within a monogamous relationship all constitute more positive or competent sexual decision making Gross, Romantic relationships among adolescents can provide a learning experience that influences the development of future romantic relationships.

Harden Adult want sex Husser that those who do not experience hugging, kissing, or romantic relationships during adolescence may fall behind in development and thus feel the need to catch up during emerging adulthood. This developmental progression described by Harden supports the idea of examining sexual decision making as a developmental process that is an integral part of sexual identity development.

There is a myriad of studies that have explored factors that affect adolescent sexual decision making e. For example, age has been identified as an important factor in sexual risk, yet, early first intercourse does not necessarily equate with incompetent decision making McKee et al. Relationship status at the time of first intercourse greatly influences emotional readiness and satisfaction with the first experience Symons et al.

Other relationship factors such as high commitment and satisfaction within the relationship Harden, ; Manlove et al. In regard to gender, males are more likely to engage in risky sexual behavior in early adolescence, while females are more likely to engage in risky sexual behavior in late adolescence Cavazos-Rehg, et al.

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Males are more likely to have strongly desired their first sexual initiation, whereas, females are more likely to have mixed feelings around sexual initiation Anonymous, Yet, despite these differences one of the most important similarities between men and women is in their contraception useā€”male and female adolescents use contraception at similar rates Anonymous, ; Cavazos-Rehg, et al.

Although many of these studies adopt a more positive approach and identify influences on positive sexual experiences, they often lack an ecological perspective that encompasses a variety of environmental influences including community. A community that socializes sexuality in a narrow way is one that promotes abstinence and does not encourage discussions on sex or sexual exploration. Broad and narrow communities can be either urban or rural and have varying degrees of religiosity. It is how the community approaches sexuality that defines it as either broad or narrow rather than being labeled by the characteristics that make it up i.

An ecological perspective also can frame different types of sexual decisions and how they might link together to create a sexual trajectory.

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Emerging adults have the developmental capacity to reflect on their past experiences. Therefore, this developmental timeline reflected by the chronosystem allows for mapping sexual identity development while integrating contextual influences.

Examination over time allows us to see that sexual decision making is a process and not a one-time event.

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Each time an individual engages in sexual intercourse, he or she is making multiple decisions such as giving consent to have sex, whether to do so while under the influence of a substance, or whether or not to use a form of birth control. Additionally, the individual meaning that develops through these reciprocal influences provides an additional lens through which to gain understanding. This meaning then guides role enactment or sexual behavior. A person is more likely to be satisfied in his or her role of sexual being when the expectations of that role are clear; however, role strain is more likely when there is lack of consensus on the norms relative to that role White et al.

This meaning making is driven systemically through reciprocal interaction within multiple contexts. Gender is one such context and one that may exacerbate role ambiguity in relation to sexual identity, particularly for women. Women still report a sexual double standard in sexual decision making in which the sexual activity of men and of women is evaluated differently based solely on gender Allen et al. Following on this perspective, this research from which the sexual trajectory map emerged was conducted by the first author.

Theoretical sampling was used to maximize variation resulting in a sample of 10 males and 10 females, agesenrolled in a Southeastern university. The mean age was 20 years old. A male interviewer conducted interviews with male participants and a female interviewer conducted female interviews. At the beginning of each interview, study participants completed a brief survey to capture socio-demographic characteristics, sexual histories during teenage years, and current sexual behavior patterns.

Interview questions focused on the following areas of sexual socialization during adolescence: community level norms e. Grounded theory methodology LaRossa, was used to analyze the data and help move the data toward theory development. A three-step process of coding was used for both the male and female data: open coding, axial coding, and selective coding. This initial category evolved into the concept of a sexual trajectory map See Figure 1.

During the selective coding process, specific quotes were selected that illustrated the concepts identified in the sexual trajectory map during the open and axial coding stages. Contextual factors such as gender, race, and urban or rural background provide a context for the map See Figure 1. Sexual messages were identified and examined for consistency. The decision to have sex for the first time is the central decision on the map but other decisions may be depicted before and after this central decision of sexual initiation along with consequences of sexual decisions.

Changing attitudes toward sex were captured at the bottom of the map and may have a reciprocal influence with the decisions being made. Each component of the map is discussed below with participant quotes to illustrate each concept. Messages received about sexuality fell into five overarching domains of influence: family, peers, religion, school, and media. Some of these messages served as pull factors pulling one away from engaging in sexual activity and others as push factors pushing one toward sexual activity.

Each source of sexual messages e. This lack of information, coupled with the pervasive idea that everyone was having sex, acted as a push factor for some participants. One female Adult want sex Husser whose only message from parents and church was to wait until marriage said:. I guess since everybody was doing it, I wanted to try it. I guess like peer pressure from everybody, including my boyfriend at the time, to do it, so. Media was a strong socializing agent described by the participants and some of them described the media as a push factor or a factor that pushed them toward having sex.

One male participant described it this way:. They [media] definitely made it seem like you know you needed to have sex to be cool, to fit in. Peers are another important socializing factor in terms of sexual identity, and peers emerged as both a push Adult want sex Husser a pull factor for participants.

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In family discussions, d were less strict with sons than with daughters. One year-old male participant whose parents discussed sex and potential consequences of sex with him described a healthy decision making process that emerged as a teenager:. We definitely talked about it before. Other parents revised their messages as their children got older. Other male participants described a similar dynamic with their mothers in that mothers did not necessarily say no but did put some parameters around sexual activity.

I had discussions with my mom about sex because this year I was dating a girl who was still in high school and she was worried she was too young or something like that.

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She told me to not do it, like she said if I wanted to I could but not with her because I could go to jail or something. Participants who had parents who attempted conversation about sexuality even if they were not successful and were perceived as approachable often made safer sexual decisions. Siblings can also be a source of messages for both males and females.

We do not want to raise no babies or whatever. You may not be financially stable to raise a baby so you may need to take that into perspective I guess. Some participants recognized that earlier experiences influence their sexual decision making in emerging adulthood.

Framing the data for each participant using the sexual trajectory map allowed us to discern the intersecting Adult want sex Husser of various socialization agents and how various combinations of messages influenced decisions as well as the meaning associated with these decisions. Some of these intersecting influences resulted in consistent messages.

For example, many participants discussed the intersection of religion and peers in influencing their sexual decision making. One female participant described the fact that she chose friends with whom she shared similar attitudes and values and how this acted as a pull factor for her. Well, most of my friends were Christians. And now that I moved here, most of my friends are Christians. And they think the same way. I will not actually be sexually active, because they do it.

One participant described how media messages conflicted with her parents and affected her decision making in this way. So, I guess it makes decisions harder. You know, do I follow what mom and dad say? Or do I do what everyone else is doing what, you know, TV shows. So, it just made it harder to make my decision. Rather than consistency of messages, the data pointed to the importance of receiving a balance of positive and negative messages.

A consistent message of abstinence was not always as effective as a balance of messages in producing a positive sexual trajectory. An example of balanced messages was from a female participant who was reflecting on her changing attitudes toward sex:. You know, I see people who have sex and have a great relationship. And at the same time, church kind of keeps me from it, from just running around. Adult want sex Husser the decision to have sex for the first time was used as a focal point on the sexual trajectory map, other sexual decisions were captured as well in order to examine the way in which decisions were cumulative.

Adult want sex Husser

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Gender, Sexual Identity, and Families: The Personal Is Political